Zandbergstraat 14 / 5555 LB Valkenswaard (NL) ☎ + 31(0)651 587 997
Opening hours in the winter: by appointment


Exotic  plants
These plants with an "exotic" appearance can all be found in our garden. Usually they are also in stock. With these species we have got good experience. Some will need winter protection, others are hardy. Or in the case of Eucalyptusssen and Tetrapanax you need some luck.

Nearly all pictures are taken in my garden.

Albizia julibrissin 'Oriental Dream'  (picture left) This selected seedling of 'Rosea' is rich flowering and has a deep red color. It is a hardy, deciduous medium-high tree with large pinnate acacia-like leaves. From early August to mid-September showy flowers appears. At dusk the leaves fold. Young plants should be protected from frost..
Eucalyptus archeri is a fast growing species with small round juvenile leaves that are covered with a white layer of wax. The mature leaves remain quite small and are oval and tapered. Sheltered the 'Alpine cider gum can survive temperatures between - 14 °and - 17 °C.
Eucalyptus niphophila (syn. Eucalyptus pauciflora ssp niphophila) is the most hardy species. In a wind-sheltered place it can survive -15 °to -18 °C.
The subspecies Eucalyptus pauciflora ssp 'debeuzevillei' (picture right) has leaves that are even bigger and thicker than E. niphohila. This species is probably the hardiest Eucalyptus. In a place sheltered from the wind it can survive -15 ° to -19 °C. This 'Snowgum' has no juvenile leaves.
Eucalyptus perriniana branches are surrounded by large round leaves. It has the typical smell of eucalyptus. The hardiness is between -12 °and -17 °C.
Brassaiopsis mitis
(pictured left) Like Tetrapanax this is a member of the Aralia family. Probably this species has comparable properties. In test. Available:5 liter pots 55 euro.
Fatsia japonica
is a familiar houseplant but as a garden plant in a sheltered place it endures even severe frost. Fatsia japonica 'Spiders Web "(pictured right)
Tetrapanax papyrifera 'Steroidal Giant’ (picture right) Paper plant. This plant can get leaves with a diameter of one meter and will create an unsurpassed tropical look. The above the ground part of this deciduous exotic is not very hardy but can still survive between -10 and -15 °C. After freezing down in a severe winter new plants will appear  from the roots . This species grows well in sunny or semi-shaded spot and enjoys a rich soil. Small plants can make quickly enormous leaves during the course of the growing season.
Tetrapanax papyrifera 'Rex’ The big leaves are more round. Available: 5 liter pots 20 euro.
Schefflera alpina
(picture above left)  Metapanax delavayii (on the picture down below var. Stout in Bokrijk Botanical Garden) Both are expected to be reasonably hardy but are yet not available.
Cautleya spicata 'Robusta' (picture left) This is one of the most hardy gingers and therefore this species can be used as hardy perennial. The flowers are yellow / orange flowers. Flowering starts in July or August. This species grows best in a humus-rich soil in partial shade. A winter cover of leaves is permitted, but not really necessary.  
Cautleya cathcartii (picture left) This new species has leaves with a purple underside. Very ornamental.
Cautleya spicata 'Bleddyn's Beacon'
(picture right) New! With thicker leaves and colorful flowers.
Cautleya lutea (picture left) With yellow flowers.
Hedychium cocineum 'Tara' (picture middle) at the end of the growing season it becomes large orange flowers. Cover well in the winter.
Hedychium densiflorum 'Assam Orange' (picture left) One of the most reliable hardy species with striking narrow orange flowers.

Hedychium densiflorum 'Stephen' has large yellow flowers and is quite hardy.
Hedychium densiflorum 'King'  Als 'Assam Orange' maar iets groter. (Planten die vorig jaar als 'Sorung' verkocht zijn waren 'King')
Hedychium spicatum (picture right) can become a sturdy plant with creamy white flowers in late summer.
Hedychium spicatum 'Singalila' BSWJ2303 With rosa ubdies.
Hedychium spicatum species Charles (picture right) This form has a thick decorative leaves and a more open flowering.

Hedychium maximum (picture left) Up to more than 2 meters high, with large yellow flowers in late summer. Needs mulching.
Hedychium greenii  Beautiful, species with reddish leaves and orange-red flowers. Not very hardy.
Hedychium parvibracteatum CHB13.CH105  Testing
Alpinia japonica (picture right) has glossy leaves that can tolerate up to -10 °C. frost. Hardy to -20 °C with cover.
Also present are the edible Zingiber mioga and the variegated form 'Dancing Crane'
Blechnum chilense (picture left) This fern has quite large glossy leaves and spreads by underground rhizomes. Once established it can survive a harsh winter. Sheltered, moist, humus rich soil and semi-shade.
Lophosoria quadripinnata (picture right) Available in May-June. South American tree fern without real trunk but with underground rhizomes. Therefore, these species can be protected more easily at the base. This very impressive as semi-hardy fern and Dicksonia "lookalike"can become a good garden plant. Hardy to -15 °C. The leaves can grow up to 2 to 3 meters. Sheltered, moist, humus rich soil and semi-shade.

Woodwardia radicans (picture right) has large leaves with a real tropical appearance. In my garden it has survived all the harsh winter since 1996. The hardiness of this species, which is native to the Canary Islands, Madeira und some place in southern Europe has long been underestimated. Sheltered, moist, humus rich soil andsemi-shade.
Woodwardia unigemmata (picture left) The new leaves of this species are reddish. Probably something more hardy than W. radicans..

Begonia grandis  (picture right) is hardy and can overwinter outdoors. This species is native to China and southern Japan. The underside of the leaf is deep red. Best to grow in semi-shade. The pink flowers appear in summer. Usually there is also Begonia sinensis. This species has lighter pink flowers. 
Begonia grandis 'Sapporo'
(picture left) In all parts more red and one of the hardiest.
Begonia 'Torsa' (picture left) Hardy hybrid of a Bhutanese species and Begonia grandis. The leaves are big (20 till 30 cm)
Begonia 'Metallic Mist'  
(picture right) Protect well in the winter
New and also avaiable:  Begonia panchtharensis   Protect well in the winter.
Other species
Arum italicum (Italian arum) 
The inconspicuous bloom in spring are followed by clusters of berries on stalks. In July all the leaves disappears. In September the new leaves appear again and remain until the next summer. With frost the leaves looks like cooked spinach and lay on the ground but at thaw the foliage is there again. The variety 'Marmoratum' (picture left) has marbled leaves.
Nieuw: Arum concinnatum '' Mount Dirfis'' (picture right) With very large leaves, from the mountains of the Greek island of Evia. In test
Colocasia gaoligongensis (picture left) Also for outside with winterprotection. It has a black spot on the leaf. Available
Setaria palmifolia CHB 2017 (picture right) The roots of this exiting form is able to survive outsite. We don't know the limits of hardiness, so it is better to mulch it before the winter. Not from seeds. available.
Colocasia esculente 'Pink China' (picture right) is probably the hardiest Colocasia. This impressive plant has survived all winters from 2010 in my garden and each year it becomes up to 2 meters high (see photo). A thick winter cover is recommended because, like Musa basjoo, the roots should not freeze. Choose a warm, humus-rich, well moist place.
Clerodendrum bungei In August and September there are pinkish-red flowers. The large heart-shaped leaves has a tropical appearance and smell like peanut butter. The 1 to 2 meters tall stems survive to - 15 °C but also after freezing they will return and can flower the same year. Grows best in a sunny to semi-shaded spot.
Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' fig (picture left) This variety produces edible fruit in early autumn.  Hardy to -15 °C. Figs sometimes are freezing back but they recovere well from the roots. Look for a warm place and a soil not too rich.
Musa basjoo: (picture right) A banana for outside. In our climate it can overwinter outdoors and every year and reach a height of 3 to 5 meters. The roots and stems should be well protected with old leaves and straw against frost.
In test: Musa Tibet (picture right)
And a very hardy giant banana that once as seedlings of Musa itinerans (pictured left) were imported. The latter has survived the past eight winters outdoors with only little protection. The broad leaves areshortened a the end and in the middle there is a strange plos.
Montbretia (Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora) (picture right) This hybrid cultivar comes from South Africa. With light green grass-like leaves and flowers in July and August with deep orange flowers. Height 60 to 80 cm.
Persicaria virginiana (picture left) Every year this compact growing perennial is a striking appearance in my garden. It becomes about 80 cm high. In November there are the flowers as contrasting deep red needles.

Poncirus trifoliata Hardy citrus, (picture right) In old age this citrus is fully hardy. In spring, the shrub is adorned with white, strongly scented flowers. In late autumn there are the inedible yellow lemons. The decorative green branches has large thorns. Mostly deciduous.
Sauromatum (Typhonium) venosum The deeply incised leaves stand on thick marbled steal. This species occurs in both the tropics and in the temperate regions of China. It forms a tuber and blooms late May with a scarlet, smelly flower. After that the leaves appear .
Sauromatum (Thyphonium) nubicum (picture left) is in all parts bigger and more impressive.

Trachycarpus fortunei (picture left) In our cool climate this palm is growing remarkably well and can tolerated, sheltered from the wind, temperatures of - 14 to - 18 °C. With additional protection in the form of straw mats this palm is also able to survive outside in our colder winters and can develop into a mature tree.
Rhapidophyllum hystrix (picture right in my garden) Nedelpalm. The hardiest palm. Not available.

Equisetum hyemale var. robustum. (picture left). Evergreen and upright growing. This particular robust form, origin Bot. garden VU in Amsterdam, is in my garden 2 meters+ high. This species makes suckers and needs a moist habitat..
Impatiens omeana (picture right) Somewhat spreading ground cover with very decorative leaves. Shade and moist!
Euphorbia stygiana  Hardy between - 10 en - 15°C. Available.